Modals in Engish Grammar

Modals are used with other verbs to express the obligation, possibility, ability and so on. Modals in English grammar are: Can, must, might, will, would, should. Let's learn their use.

Use of Can and Could

Can: can expresses possibility or permission in the present time.

Example: Can I come in? or Can you pass me the ball?

Could: Could is used to express the ability or permission in the past.

Example: I could speak confidently. Or could you please wait a moment?


Use of May, Might and Must

May: May is used to giving a polite suggestion, a possibility, or to seek permission do something in the present.

Example:  May I help you?

Might: Might is used when there is a rare possibility of something or when we make a hesitant offer.

Example: It’s a little cloudy, it might rain today.

Must: Must is used to force something or when something is necessary. Also when we make a strong recommendation.

Example: You must watch the new film of Akshay Kumar.


Use of Shall and Should

Shall: Shall is used for a polite suggestion.

Example: Shall I join you for the meeting?

Should: Should is used for giving an advice or to explain an obligation.

Example: The weather is really bad, you should drive carefully.


Use of Will and Would

Will: Will is used to making a request or a demand. It is also used to make a promise or to give a prompt decision.

Example: Will you please shut the door? Or I will start exercising from tomorrow.

Would: Would is used to express the habits in the past.

Example: Sometimes he would take us out for dinners.